A Hindu scholar and Mathematician Bharati Krishna Tirthaji Maharaja presented 16 Sutras or principles, which are believed to be found in ancient Vedas in 20th century. Vedic Math is a system of mathematics consisting of a list of 16 basic Sutras or Principles. These principles are general in nature and can be combined in different ways to solve actual Math problems. The 16 Sutras or Principles in English are:

By one more than the previous one

All from 9 and the last from 10

Vertically and crosswise

Transpose and adjust

When the sum is the same that sum is zero

If one is in ratio, the other is zero

By addition and by subtraction

By the completion or noncompletion

Differences and Similarities

Whatever the extent of its deficiency

Part and Whole

The remainders by the last digit

The ultimate and twice the penultimate

By one less than the previous one

The product of the sum is equal to the sum of the product

The factors of the sum is equal to the sum of the factors